1. Look for a subject. Is there a noun or a pronoun that is performing some action, or possessing something, or being something?
Examples of subordinating conjunctions :
Examples of relative pronouns:
Examples of dependent clauses:
Notice that the above examples leave the reader with a question. What cannot be understood? What happens when winter comes? A good way to spot dependent clauses, and sentence fragments in general, is to ensure that you can understand what is happening in the sentence, and that you are not left with questions.
Note: In imperative (command) sentences, the subject is usually
"you," and is not written or spoken. This subject is called
an "understood" subject. For example, if a writer were asking
someone for a drink, the writer might say, "Go get me a soda."
It would be awkward to say, "You go get me a soda," or, in
another example, "You, grab your purse and you do not forget